Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is compromised by drug toxicity, high cost and/or the emergence of resistant strains. Though canine vaccines are available, there are no licensed prophylactic human vaccines. One strategy to improve clinical outcome for infected patients is immunotherapy, which associates a chemotherapy that acts directly to reduce parasitism and the administration of an immunogen-adjuvant that activates the host protective Th1-type immune response. In this study, we evaluated an immunotherapy protocol in a murine model by combining recombinant (r)LiHyp1 (a hypothetical amastigote-specific Leishmania protein protective against Leishmania infantum infection), with monophosphoryl-lipid A (MPLA) as adjuvant and amphotericin B (AmpB) as reference antileishmanial drug. We used this protocol to treat L. infantum infected-BALB/c mice, and parasitological, immunological and toxicological evaluations were performed at 1 and 30 days after treatment. Results showed that mice treated with rLiHyp1/MPLA/AmpB presented the lowest parasite burden in all organs evaluated, when both a limiting dilution technique and qPCR were used. In addition, these animals produced higher levels of IFN-γ and IL-12 cytokines and IgG2a isotype antibody, which were associated with lower production of IL-4 and IL-10 and IgG1 isotype. Furthermore, low levels of renal and hepatic damage markers were found in animals treated with rLiHyp1/MPLA/AmpB possibly reflecting the lower parasite load, as compared to the other groups. We conclude that the rLiHyp1/MPLA/AmpB combination could be considered in future studies as an immunotherapy protocol to treat against VL.