Structural and energetic affinity of annocatacin b with nd1 subunit of the human mitochondrial respiratory complex i as a potential inhibitor: An in silico comparison study with the known inhibitor rotenone

Camilo Febres-Molina, Jorge A. Aguilar-Pineda, Pamela L. Gamero-Begazo, Haruna L. Barazorda-Ccahuana, Diego E. Valencia, Karin J. Vera-López, Gonzalo Davila-Del-carpio, Badhin Gómez

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Resumen

ND1 subunit possesses the majority of the inhibitor binding domain of the human mito-chondrial respiratory complex I. This is an attractive target for the search for new inhibitors that seek mitochondrial dysfunction. It is known, from in vitro experiments, that some metabolites from Annona muricata called acetogenins have important biological activities, such as anticancer, antiparasitic, and insecticide. Previous studies propose an inhibitory activity of bovine mitochondrial respiratory complex I by bis-tetrahydrofurans acetogenins such as annocatacin B, however, there are few studies on its inhibitory effect on human mitochondrial respiratory complex I. In this work, we evaluate the in silico molecular and energetic affinity of the annocatacin B molecule with the human ND1 subunit in order to elucidate its potential capacity to be a good inhibitor of this subunit. For this purpose, quantum mechanical optimizations, molecular dynamics simulations and the molecular mechanics/Poisson–Boltzmann surface area (MM/PBSA) analysis were performed. As a control to compare our outcomes, the molecule rotenone, which is a known mitochondrial respiratory complex I inhibitor, was chosen. Our results show that annocatacin B has a greater affinity for the ND1 structure, its size and folding were probably the main characteristics that contributed to stabilize the molecular complex. Furthermore, the MM/PBSA calculations showed a 35% stronger binding free energy compared to the rotenone complex. Detailed analysis of the binding free energy shows that the aliphatic chains of annocatacin B play a key role in molecular coupling by distributing favorable interactions throughout the major part of the ND1 structure. These results are consistent with experimental studies that mention that acetogenins may be good inhibitors of the mitochondrial respiratory complex I.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1840
PublicaciónPolymers
Volumen13
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jun. 2021

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