Relationship Between Fear of COVID-19, Conspiracy Beliefs About Vaccines and Intention to Vaccinate Against COVID-19: A Cross-National Indirect Effect Model in 13 Latin American Countries

Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez, José M. Tomás, Daniel E. Yupanqui-Lorenzo, Pablo D. Valencia, Carlos Carbajal-León, Lindsey W. Vilca, José Ventura-León, Rubí Paredes-Angeles, Walter L. Arias Gallegos, Mario Reyes-Bossio, Mariel Delgado-Campusano, Miguel Gallegos, Claudio Rojas-Jara, Roberto Polanco-Carrasco, Mauricio Cervigni, Pablo Martino, Marlon Elías Lobos-Rivera, Rodrigo Moreta-Herrera, Diego Alejandro Palacios Segura, Antonio Samaniego-PinhoAndrés Buschiazzo Figares, Diana Ximena Puerta-Cortés, Andrés Camargo, Julio Torales, J. Arkangel Monge Blanco, Pedronel González, Vanessa Smith-Castro, Olimpia Petzold-Rodriguez, Ibraín Enrique Corrales-Reyes, Raymundo Calderón, Wendy Yamilet Matute Rivera, Daniela Ferrufino-Borja, Paula Ceballos-Vásquez, Agueda Muñoz-del-Carpio-Toia, Jorge Palacios, Carmen Burgos-Videla, Ana María Eduviges Florez León, Ibeth Vergara, Diego Vega, Marion K. Shulmeyer, Nicol A. Barria-Asenjo, Hassell Tatiana Urrutia Rios, Arelly Esther Lira Lira

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Resumen

The present study explored the predictive capacity of fear of COVID-19 on the intention to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and the influence in this relationship of conspiracy beliefs as a possible mediating psychological variable, in 13 Latin American countries. A total of 5779 people recruited through non-probabilistic convenience sampling participated. To collect information, we used the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, Vaccine conspiracy beliefs Scale-COVID-19 and a single item of intention to vaccinate. A full a priori Structural Equation Model was used; whereas, cross-country invariance was performed from increasingly restricted structural models. The results indicated that, fear of COVID-19 positively predicts intention to vaccinate and the presence of conspiracy beliefs about COVID-19 vaccines. The latter negatively predicted intention to vaccinate against COVID-19. Besides, conspiracy beliefs about COVID-19 vaccines had an indirect effect on the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 in the 13 countries assessed. Finally, the cross-national similarities of the mediational model among the 13 participating countries are strongly supported. The study is the first to test a cross-national mediational model across variables in a large number of Latin American countries. However, further studies with other countries in other regions of the world are needed.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)371-383
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónEvaluation and the Health Professions
Volumen46
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2023

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