Recent updates and perspectives on approaches for the development of vaccines against visceral leishmaniasis

Mariana Costa Duarte, Daniela Pagliara Lage, Vívian Tamietti Martins, Miguel Angel Chávez-Fumagalli, Bruno Mendes Roatt, Daniel Menezes-Souza, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Manuel Soto, Carlos Alberto Pereira Tavares, Eduardo Antonio Ferraz Coelho

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49 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the most important tropical diseases worldwide. Although chemotherapy has been widely used to treat this disease, problems related to the development of parasite resistance and side effects associated with the compounds used have been noted. Hence, alternative approaches for VL control are desirable. Some methods, such as vector control and culling of infected dogs, are insufficiently effective, with the latter not ethically recommended. The development of vaccines to prevent VL is a feasible and desirable measure for disease control, for example, some vaccines designed to protect dogs against VL have recently been brought to market. These vaccines are based on the combination of parasite fractions or recombinant proteins with adjuvants that are able to induce cellular immune responses, however, their partial efficacy and the absence of a vaccine to protect against human leishmaniasis underline the need for characterization of new vaccine candidates. This review presents recent advances in control measures for VL based on vaccine development, describing extensively studied antigens, as well as new antigenic proteins recently identified using immuno-proteomic techniques.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)398-407
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRevista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Volumen49
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul. 2016
Publicado de forma externa

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