Isoflavones and antioxidant capacity of Peruvian and Brazilian lupin cultivars

Lena Gálvez Ranilla, Maria Inés Genovese, Franco Maria Lajolo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

45 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Seed coats, cotyledons and hypocotyls from six Peruvian (Lupinus mutabilis Sweet) and two Brazilian (Lupinus albus and Lupinus angustifolius) lupin cultivars were assessed regarding their content of isoflavones and antioxidant capacity. Genistein and a genistein derivative were detected in seed coats and cotyledons from Peruvian cultivars. Total isoflavones ranged from 9.8 to 87, 16.1 to 30.8 and 1.3 to 6.1 mg/100 g of sample in fresh weight (expressed as genistein) in seed coat, cotyledon and hypocotyl fractions, respectively, from mutabilis species, whereas no isoflavones were detected in L. angustifolius and L. albus. A significant correlation (r = 0.99) was found between the total isoflavone levels and the antioxidant capacity measured by the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging method in all fractions of Peruvian samples. No condensed tannins were detected in any of the lupin cultivars. The H-6 Andean cultivar is promising for its high isoflavone content and antioxidant capacity. Insights from this study indicate that lupin cultivars of the mutabilis species have similar isoflavone profiles and that isoflavones are more concentrated in the cotyledon seed fraction than in the seed coat or hypocotyl fractions.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)397-404
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volumen22
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ago. 2009
Publicado de forma externa

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