Prevalence and Factors Associated with Subjective Cognitive Complaints in Latin American Health Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Marcio Soto-Añari, Claudia Rivera-Fernández, Luis Ramos-Vargas, Lucía Denegri-Solis, Jorge Herrera-Pino, Loida Camargo, Edgar Castillo, María Díaz, Gustavo Gaitán-Quintero, Mónica Alonso, Omar Cárdenas, Alexander Pabon-Moreno, Nicole Caldichoury, Miguel Ramos-Henderson, Yuliana Florez, Jahaira Escorcia-Villarreal, Daniela Ripoll-Córdoba, César Quispe-Ayala, Pascual A. Gargiulo, María F. PortoNorman López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives: An increase in emotional disturbances and complaints about cognitive performance has been observed in Latin American healthcare workers during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, which can affect attention capacity and increase the levels of stress and burnout of these professionals. The objective was to analyse subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) and associated factors in health personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic in five Latin American countries. Methods: Multicentre cross-sectional study, which included 3,738 professionals from Colombia, Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess depression, and the Mini-Z to assess Burnout. For the SCC, an item on cognitive concerns in attention and memory was used. Results: The prevalence of cognitive complaints was 69.2%. The factors associated with a higher risk of SCC were the scores in the GAD-7, PHQ and Mini-Z, in addition to being part of the Ecuadorian health personnel. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of SCC in health personnel, which is modulated by emotional states and stress.

Translated title of the contributionPrevalencia y Factores Asociados con las Quejas Cognitivas Subjetivas del Personal Sanitario Latinoamericano Durante la Pandemia de COVID-19
Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista Colombiana de Psiquiatria
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Latin American healthcare workers
  • Mental health
  • Mood
  • Subjective cognitive complaints

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