Childhood anemia in populations residing at different geographical altitudes of Arequipa, Peru: associated maternal factors

Agueda-Muñoz-del-Carpio-Toia, Johany Cecilia Sánchez-Guillen, Cecilia Manrique-Sam, Nancy Fuentes-Chicata, Lucía-Begazo-Muñoz-del-Carpio, Julio Cesar Bernabé-Ortiz, Sively-Mercado-Mamani, Luz D. Mamani-Cahuata, Jerry K. Benites-Meza, Isaac Casas-Patiño, Vicente A. Benites-Zapata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Determine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, and good practices in anemic children and anemic child healthcare in Arequipa, Peru. Study design: This is a cross-sectional survey. Participants were asked about their knowledge of childhood anemia, practices related to caring for anemic children, and adherence to treatment. Methods: This is a descriptive, transversal, relational field study. Three hundred mothers with anemic children were interviewed, from six districts of Arequipa, distributed at different geographic altitudes: medium-altitude, great-altitude, and sea level. Studied variables were related to socio-demographic factors, level of knowledge, anemic children care-related practices, and treatment adherence. Results: 77.3% of children had mild anemia, 21.6% moderate, and 1% severe anemia. The number of children and disease severity were significantly related (p<0.05) to knowledge about anemia. Knowledge about anemia, living area, and geographic altitude were significantly correlated (p<0.05) with good practices in child anemia. Conclusion: the prevalence of _anemia in the region of Arequipa is incremented by socioeconomic factors, mother’s education, number of children, altitude, and geographic zone. The implementation of mother-centered educational programs by the government is necessary. In this sense, the results suggest further studies in social representations to understand, analyze and deepen the knowledge of the subject.

Translated title of the contributionAnemia infantil en poblaciones residentes en diferentes altitudes geográficas de Arequipa, Perú: factores maternos asociados
Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista del Cuerpo Medico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023


  • altitudes
  • childhood anemia
  • knowledge
  • mothers
  • practices
  • sociodemographic factors


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